Dyslexia / Reading Skills

Dyslexia is a reading disability that occurs when the brain does not properly recognize and process certain symbols.  Developmental reading disorder (DRD), or dyslexia, occurs when there is a problem in areas of the brain that help interpret language. It is not caused by vision problems. The disorder is a specific information processing problem that does not interfere with one’s ability to think or to understand complex ideas. Sometimes dyslexia will affect some differently than others, althought there are commonalities. Most people with dyslexia have normal intelligence, and many have above-average intelligence.

Dyslexia and DRD may appear in combination with developmental writing disorder and developmental arithmetic disorder. All of these involve using symbols to convey information. These conditions may appear alone or in any combination.

DRD often runs in families.

A person with DRD may have trouble rhyming and separating sounds that make up spoken words. These abilities appear to be critical in the process of learning to read. A child’s initial reading skills are based on word recognition, which involves being able to separate out the sounds in words and match them with letters and groups of letters.

Because people with DRD have difficulty connecting the sounds of language to the letters of words, they may have difficulty understanding sentences.

True dyslexia is much broader than simply confusing or transposing letters, for example mistaking ”b” and “d.”.

In general, symptoms of DRD may include:

  • Difficulty determining the meaning (idea content) of a simple sentence
  • Difficulty learning to recognize written words
  • Difficulty rhyming

DRD may occur in combination with writing or math learning problems.

Other causes of learning disability and, in particular, reading disability, must be ruled out before a diagnosis of DRD can be made. Emotional disorders, mental retardation, diseases of the brain, and certain cultural and education factors can cause learning disabilities.

Before diagnosing DRD, our team will:

  • Perform a complete vision and hearing screening
  • Ask questions about the person’s developmental, social, and school performance
  • Ask if anyone else in the family has had dyslexia

Psychoeducational testing and psychological assessment may be done.

Every person with DRD requires a different strategy. An individual education plan should be created for each child with the condition. We can help you meet with the school to develop a plan, discuss  multi-sensory reading programs, intensive instruction strategies, 504 accommodations, and more!!

Positive reinforcement is important as many students with learning disabilities have poor self-esteem. Psychological counseling may be helpful.

Targeted and Specialized help (called remedial instruction) can lead to marked improvement in reading and understanding.

Reading difficulties may persist for life. But at Rich Educational Consulting, we are committed to giving you interventions and recommendations that will help your child, your child’s teacher and family members to cope and become productive members of society. Contact us today to schedule a dyslexia evaluation and get your school year started on a positive note.